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Dynamics of coupled and uncoupled two-phase flows in a slab mold

Identifieur interne : 002F23 ( Main/Exploration ); précédent : 002F22; suivant : 002F24

Dynamics of coupled and uncoupled two-phase flows in a slab mold

Auteurs : R. Sanchez-Perez [Mexique] ; R. D. Morales [Mexique] ; L. Garcia-Demedices [Mexique] ; J. Palafox Ramos [Mexique] ; M. Diaz-Cruz [Mexique]

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Mots-clés :

Abstract

Two-phase flows in a mold of a slab caster are studied using water modeling, particle-image velocimetry (PIV), and computational fluid-dynamics techniques. Two-way coupled flows are observed in liquid-gas systems, because both phases influence each other's momentum transfer. In addition to this concept, PIV measurements indicate the existence of structurally coupled flows, where the velocity vectors of both phases observe similar orientations. When the drag forces of the liquid, exerted on the bubbles, exceed a certain value of the inertial forces of the liquid phase, at high mass loads of gas (ratio of mass flow rates of the gas phase and the liquid phase), the flow becomes structurally coupled. These types of flows promote large oscillations of the meniscus level. Two jets, liquid and bubble, were identified; the latter always reported larger angles than the first, independent of the gas load. Thus, a gas-rich jet is located closer to the lower edge of the submerged entry nozzle (SEN) port, and the liquid-rich jet is found above this position. The liquid-jet angle approaches that of the SEN port when the flow becomes structurally coupled. Structurally uncoupled flows report gas jets that follow torrent-type patterns which are well explained using a multiphase fluid-dynamics model. Structurally coupled flows yield gas jets with a continuous pattern.


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<term>Casting machine</term>
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<term>Coupled method</term>
<term>Experimental device</term>
<term>Experimental study</term>
<term>Fluid mechanics</term>
<term>Iron steel industry</term>
<term>Mold</term>
<term>Momentum transfer</term>
<term>Numerical simulation</term>
<term>Particle image velocimetry</term>
<term>Slab</term>
<term>Theoretical study</term>
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<term>Two phase flow</term>
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<term>Ecoulement diphasique</term>
<term>Moule</term>
<term>Machine coulée</term>
<term>Brame</term>
<term>Sidérurgie</term>
<term>Transfert quantité mouvement</term>
<term>Mécanique fluide</term>
<term>Vélocimétrie image particule</term>
<term>Méthode couplée</term>
<term>Ecoulement turbulent</term>
<term>Coulée continue</term>
<term>Dispositif expérimental</term>
<term>Etude théorique</term>
<term>Etude expérimentale</term>
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<div type="abstract" xml:lang="en">Two-phase flows in a mold of a slab caster are studied using water modeling, particle-image velocimetry (PIV), and computational fluid-dynamics techniques. Two-way coupled flows are observed in liquid-gas systems, because both phases influence each other's momentum transfer. In addition to this concept, PIV measurements indicate the existence of structurally coupled flows, where the velocity vectors of both phases observe similar orientations. When the drag forces of the liquid, exerted on the bubbles, exceed a certain value of the inertial forces of the liquid phase, at high mass loads of gas (ratio of mass flow rates of the gas phase and the liquid phase), the flow becomes structurally coupled. These types of flows promote large oscillations of the meniscus level. Two jets, liquid and bubble, were identified; the latter always reported larger angles than the first, independent of the gas load. Thus, a gas-rich jet is located closer to the lower edge of the submerged entry nozzle (SEN) port, and the liquid-rich jet is found above this position. The liquid-jet angle approaches that of the SEN port when the flow becomes structurally coupled. Structurally uncoupled flows report gas jets that follow torrent-type patterns which are well explained using a multiphase fluid-dynamics model. Structurally coupled flows yield gas jets with a continuous pattern.</div>
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