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Transport properties of uniaxially oriented aliphatic polyketone

Identifieur interne : 002C21 ( Main/Exploration ); précédent : 002C20; suivant : 002C22

Transport properties of uniaxially oriented aliphatic polyketone

Auteurs : A. Backman [Suède] ; J. Lange [Suède, Suisse] ; M. S. Hedenqvist [Suède]

Source :

Mots-clés :

Abstract

The oxygen, carbon dioxide, and water‐transport properties of a uniaxially oriented aliphatic polyketone were determined. The polyketone was drawn to 5–10 times its original length. The transport properties were related to changes in crystallinity estimated by differential scanning calorimetry and density measurements and by changes in the molecular and crystal orientation assessed by, respectively, infrared and X‐ray spectroscopy. The film structures were characterized by confocal scanning laser microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Stress‐strain tests on the drawn specimens enabled the impacts of orientation on the transport and mechanical properties to be compared. A draw‐induced increase in crystallinity and molecular orientation yielded permeabilities at a draw ratio of 10 that were 30–40% of the original value, and the percentage decrease was basically independent of the type of gas/vapor molecule. Also, the diffusivities of oxygen and carbon dioxide decreased by an order of magnitude. The fact that the amorphous permeability was peaking at a draw ratio of about 5 was a consequence of a peak in amorphous solubility, which was very high for oxygen and absent for water. It was suggested that the peak in solubility was mainly caused by the destruction of the polymer hydrogen‐bond network during drawing and crystal reorientation. The impact of structural reorganization within the polymer and presence of surface valleys seemed to have less impact on the mechanical properties than on the transport properties. This suggested that transport data are more sensitive than mechanical data in probing material defects and changes in molecular packing and morphology. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part B: Polym Phys 42: 947–955, 2004


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DOI: 10.1002/polb.10688


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