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High modulus polypropylene fibers. II. Influence of fiber preparation upon structure and morphology

Identifieur interne : 002308 ( Main/Exploration ); précédent : 002307; suivant : 002309

High modulus polypropylene fibers. II. Influence of fiber preparation upon structure and morphology

Auteurs : Diana Gregor-Svetec [Slovénie]

Source :

Mots-clés :

Abstract

The influence of drawing on the limiting draw ratio upon formation of the morphological structure of fibers spun from binary polypropylene (PP) blends was studied. Fibers were spun from a fiber‐grade CR‐polymer and from the blends of a fiber‐grade CR‐polymer with a molding‐grade polymer in the composition range of 10–50 wt % added. As‐spun fibers were immediately moderately and additionally highly drawn at the temperature of 145°C. The structure and morphology of these fibers were investigated by small‐angle X‐ray scattering, wide‐angle X‐ray scattering, differential scanning calorimetry, scanning electron microscopy, density, birefringence, and sound velocity measurements. It was shown that continuously moderately drawn fibers are suitable precursors for the production of high tenacity PP fibers of very high modulus, because of so called oriented “smectic” structure present in these fibers. With drawing at elevated temperature, the initial metastable structure of low crystallinity was disrupted and a c‐axis orientation of monoclinic crystalline modification was developed. Hot drawing increased the size of crystallites and crystallinity degree, the orientation of crystalline domains, and average orientation of the macromolecular chains and resulted in extensive fibrillation and void formation. It was found that the blend composition has some influence on the structure of discontinuously highly drawn fibers. With increasing the content of the molding‐grade polymer in the blend, the size of crystalline and amorphous domains, density and crystallinity, as well as amorphous orientation decreased. Relationship has been established between the mechanical properties, crystallinity, and orientation of PP fibers. It was confirmed that by blending the fiber‐grade CR‐polymer by a small percentage of the molding‐grade polymer, maximization of elastic modulus is achieved, mainly because of higher orientation of amorphous domains. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 100: 1067–1082, 2006


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DOI: 10.1002/app.23415


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