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Gamma Irradiation Effects on Mechanical and Thermal Properties and Biodegradation of Poly(3‐hydroxybutyrate) Based Films

Identifieur interne : 001A34 ( Main/Exploration ); précédent : 001A33; suivant : 001A35

Gamma Irradiation Effects on Mechanical and Thermal Properties and Biodegradation of Poly(3‐hydroxybutyrate) Based Films

Auteurs : Élida B. Hermida [Argentine] ; Ver Nica I. Mega [Argentine] ; Oxana Yashchuk [Argentine] ; Víctor Fernández [Argentine] ; Patricia Eisenberg [Argentine] ; Silvia S. Miyazaki [Argentine]

Source :

Mots-clés :

Abstract

Summary: Their biodegradable properties make polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) ideal candidates for innovative applications. Many studies have been primarily oriented to poly(3‐hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) and poly(3‐hydroxybutyrate‐co‐3‐valerate) (PHBV) and afterwards to blends of PHAs with synthetic biodegradable polymers, such as poly(ε‐caprolactone) (PCL). Medical and pharmaceutical devices require sterilization and γ irradiation could provide a proper alternative since it assures storage stability and microbiological safety. This contribution presents the effect of γ irradiation on the mechanical and thermal properties and on the biodegradation of PHB, PHBV and a commercial PHB/PCL blend. Samples, prepared by compression moulding, were irradiated in air at a constant dose rate of 10 kGy/h, from 10 to 179 kGy. Polymer chain scission was assessed by changes in the molecular weight, thermal properties and tensile behaviour. The correlation between absorbed dose and changes in the mechanical properties and biodegradation is discussed in detail. The optimum dose to guarantee microbiological sterilization without damage of the structure or meaningful loss of the mechanical properties is also reported.


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DOI: 10.1002/masy.200850313


Affiliations:


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<div type="abstract" xml:lang="en">Summary: Their biodegradable properties make polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) ideal candidates for innovative applications. Many studies have been primarily oriented to poly(3‐hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) and poly(3‐hydroxybutyrate‐co‐3‐valerate) (PHBV) and afterwards to blends of PHAs with synthetic biodegradable polymers, such as poly(ε‐caprolactone) (PCL). Medical and pharmaceutical devices require sterilization and γ irradiation could provide a proper alternative since it assures storage stability and microbiological safety. This contribution presents the effect of γ irradiation on the mechanical and thermal properties and on the biodegradation of PHB, PHBV and a commercial PHB/PCL blend. Samples, prepared by compression moulding, were irradiated in air at a constant dose rate of 10 kGy/h, from 10 to 179 kGy. Polymer chain scission was assessed by changes in the molecular weight, thermal properties and tensile behaviour. The correlation between absorbed dose and changes in the mechanical properties and biodegradation is discussed in detail. The optimum dose to guarantee microbiological sterilization without damage of the structure or meaningful loss of the mechanical properties is also reported.</div>
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