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Polymer treatment in the flowing afterglow of an oxygen microwave discharge: Active species profile concentrations and kinetics of the functionalization

Identifieur interne : 000515 ( France/Analysis ); précédent : 000514; suivant : 000516

Polymer treatment in the flowing afterglow of an oxygen microwave discharge: Active species profile concentrations and kinetics of the functionalization

Auteurs : F. Normand [France] ; A. Granier [France] ; P. Leprince [France] ; J. Marec [France] ; K. Shi [France] ; F. Clouet [France]

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Abstract

Abstract: The surface treatment of different polymers and their corresponding model surfaces in the flowing afterglow of an oxygen microwave plasma is investigated. The concentration profiles of tire long-lived species issued from the plasma are measured and calculated in the downstream area The influence of atomic and singlet molecular oxygen in the behavior of different polymers is investigated. It appears that the evolution of the surface energy can be explained by an initiation of the functionalization by the oxygen atoms impinging upon the surface followed by reaction of the radicals formed with molecular oxygen. The concentration of functions at the sureface is limited due to their destruction by reaction with oxygen atoms. Furthermore, the functionalization level is higher in the /lowing afterglow than in the plasma, without any significant degradation of the polymer surface. Therefore, the treatment in the flowing afterglow is more efficient to increase suface energy in particular, for polymers which undergo high backbone chain scission.


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DOI: 10.1007/BF01459695


Affiliations:


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ISTEX:7BCED75A2F928625C6BDB722CA891228B9C4C8B6

Le document en format XML

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<div type="abstract" xml:lang="en">Abstract: The surface treatment of different polymers and their corresponding model surfaces in the flowing afterglow of an oxygen microwave plasma is investigated. The concentration profiles of tire long-lived species issued from the plasma are measured and calculated in the downstream area The influence of atomic and singlet molecular oxygen in the behavior of different polymers is investigated. It appears that the evolution of the surface energy can be explained by an initiation of the functionalization by the oxygen atoms impinging upon the surface followed by reaction of the radicals formed with molecular oxygen. The concentration of functions at the sureface is limited due to their destruction by reaction with oxygen atoms. Furthermore, the functionalization level is higher in the /lowing afterglow than in the plasma, without any significant degradation of the polymer surface. Therefore, the treatment in the flowing afterglow is more efficient to increase suface energy in particular, for polymers which undergo high backbone chain scission.</div>
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