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Nurses' views of the coping of patients

Identifieur interne : 000F57 ( Main/Exploration ); précédent : 000F56; suivant : 000F58

Nurses' views of the coping of patients

Auteurs : David L. Kahn [États-Unis] ; Richard H. Steeves [États-Unis] ; Jeanne Q. Benoliel [États-Unis]

Source :

RBID : ISTEX:B55829E74DA5E64C369DF073EC053175C41E1820

Abstract

The findings of a study that explored the beliefs, assumptions and ideas nurses have about the coping of patients are presented. Interactive interviews with 26 nurses were used to elicit explanations of the meaning of coping and stories from their practice that illustrated coping. Analysis of the interview transcripts revealed three themes in the form of idioms or particular and different ways of talking about coping. Each idiom represented a different perspective or view of coping. The first idiom represented a view of coping as a rational, cognitive problem-solving response to illness. The nurses attributed, and thus valued, this view to science. In the second idiom the nurses spoke of coping as permeated with values that contrasted with the prior view of coping as a rational process. In the final idiom the nurses spoke of coping as courage—they told stories of patients who had faced existential situations with strength and will. The focus of this idiom was on issues of spirituality, struggle, personal meaning and acceptance. After each idiom is delineated and illustrated by data, the discussion is concentrated on the orientational and ontological metaphors that underlie them. Interpretation of the origin and construction of these different ways of talking about coping, and their underlying metaphorical meanings, is made in the context of cultural and subcultural influences.


Url:
DOI: 10.1016/0277-9536(94)90280-1


Affiliations:


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