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Borna Disease Virus (BDV), a (Zoonotic?) Worldwide Pathogen. A review of the History of the Disease and the Virus Infection with Comprehensive Bibliography

Identifieur interne : 000D71 ( Main/Exploration ); précédent : 000D70; suivant : 000D72

Borna Disease Virus (BDV), a (Zoonotic?) Worldwide Pathogen. A review of the History of the Disease and the Virus Infection with Comprehensive Bibliography

Auteurs : Ralf Dürrwald ; Hanns Ludwig

Source :

RBID : ISTEX:CD793DFCEE7213EF628435B7853F91B330197D26

Abstract

A comprehensive history of Borna disease virus (BDV) and this infection, including the complete bibliography, is presented. Over the last 200 years, descriptions of this ‘head disease’ of horses (‘Kopfkrankheit der Pferde’) have been given. Considerable losses in the horse population (<0.8%) led to intensive clinical and (neuro‐)pathological investigations of this meningitis cerebrospinalis which occurs with faint behavioural changes, occasionally followed by severe neurological symptomatology and death. The broad experimental host range reflects infections in nature which include horses, sheep, cattle, cats, dogs, rodents, ostriches, and some zoo animals. BDV infections are associated with phylogentically old brain areas, and the retina. Occasionally, expression in the autonomic nervous system occurs, besides its neurotropism BDV can spread to peripheral organs, especially to epithelial tissues and peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Infections of humans that can be monitored by antibodies, antigens or nucleic acids in blood samples are prominent features of future interest. BDV, the prototype of the family Bornaviridae is an enveloped spherical virus carrying an 8.9 kb single‐stranded, non‐segmented RNA with negative polarity which replicates in the nucleus. These features together with its considerable genetic stability make this non‐cytopathogenic virus an evolutionary ‘old pathogen’ in nature.


Url:
DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0450.1997.tb00962.x


Affiliations:


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