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Red kite ( Milvus milvus ) and black kite ( M. migrans ): minute genetic interspecies distance of two raptors breeding in a mixed community (Falconiformes: Accipitridae)

Identifieur interne : 000B06 ( Main/Exploration ); précédent : 000B05; suivant : 000B07

Red kite ( Milvus milvus ) and black kite ( M. migrans ): minute genetic interspecies distance of two raptors breeding in a mixed community (Falconiformes: Accipitridae)

Auteurs : Arnd Schreiber [Allemagne] ; Michael Stubbe ; Annegret Stubbe

Source :

RBID : ISTEX:C64F4595B0F79076FFD4353BD2FE1CB8296156C0

Mots-clés :

Abstract

Allozyme analysis of 24 loci in 154 red kites (Milvus milvus) and 36 black kites (Milvus migrans) from the Hakel forest (Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany) revealed a Nei's interspecies genetic distance of D=0.009. Of the observed genetic variance of four polymorphic enzymes, 15.4% referred to the differentiation between the kite species, but 84.6% were contributed by the ingroup polymorphism within these species. Allozymes permit the identification of some 78% of samples as orignating from M. milvus, but only of 5.4% of samples obtained from M. migrans. Although the genetic distance is slight, the Milvus kites are valid biospecies which, despite occasional instances of hybridization, coexist sympatrically and may breed in mixed breeding aggregations. Mate choice in the largely separate winter quarters of these migratory birds or chromosomal incompatibility are hypothetical isolation mechanisms stabilizing the species boundary. Moreover, the range sympatry could have developed fairly recently with the spread of human agriculture.


Url:
DOI: 10.1006/bijl.1999.0365


Affiliations:


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