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Melisma singing and preferred stage acoustics for singers

Identifieur interne : 000105 ( PascalFrancis/Curation ); précédent : 000104; suivant : 000106

Melisma singing and preferred stage acoustics for singers

Auteurs : D. Noson [Japon, États-Unis] ; S. Sato [Japon] ; H. Sakai [Japon] ; Y. Ando [Japon]

Source :

RBID : Pascal:03-0084307

Descripteurs français

English descriptors

Abstract

Vocal performance characteristics, such as tempo, colour, and expressiveness of singers are part of the unique artistic impression of individual performers and individual performances. Subjective pair-comparison studies of singers in a previous study demonstrated that singers prefer added reflections with delays in the range of 10-20 ms. However, the range of values between singers, for the effective duration of the autocorrelation of the singer's voice, was limited, and insufficient to demonstrate a relationship between individual vocal characteristics and the preferred delay time of reflections. In this study, to investigate the singer's preferred acoustics with a change in singing style, subjects were asked to perform non-plosive, non-fricative text for the lyrics, using exclusively "la" syllables (melisma singing). A resulting shift in preferred time delay was observed. The extent of the shift in preferred reflection time delays is shown to be directly related to the minima of the effective duration of the running autocorrelation function calculated from each singer's voice. Singers were also subjected to training, to assist in identifying sound fields. After training, the average preferred delay time of the reflection did not change, but the statistical variability of the singer's subjective rating of the sound fields was strongly reduced.
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A09 01  1  ENG  @1 Concert hall acoustics and opera house acoustics
A11 01  1    @1 NOSON (D.)
A11 02  1    @1 SATO (S.)
A11 03  1    @1 SAKAI (H.)
A11 04  1    @1 ANDO (Y.)
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A21       @1 2002
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C01 01    ENG  @0 Vocal performance characteristics, such as tempo, colour, and expressiveness of singers are part of the unique artistic impression of individual performers and individual performances. Subjective pair-comparison studies of singers in a previous study demonstrated that singers prefer added reflections with delays in the range of 10-20 ms. However, the range of values between singers, for the effective duration of the autocorrelation of the singer's voice, was limited, and insufficient to demonstrate a relationship between individual vocal characteristics and the preferred delay time of reflections. In this study, to investigate the singer's preferred acoustics with a change in singing style, subjects were asked to perform non-plosive, non-fricative text for the lyrics, using exclusively "la" syllables (melisma singing). A resulting shift in preferred time delay was observed. The extent of the shift in preferred reflection time delays is shown to be directly related to the minima of the effective duration of the running autocorrelation function calculated from each singer's voice. Singers were also subjected to training, to assist in identifying sound fields. After training, the average preferred delay time of the reflection did not change, but the statistical variability of the singer's subjective rating of the sound fields was strongly reduced.
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C03 01  X  FRE  @0 Acoustique musicale @5 03
C03 01  X  ENG  @0 Musical acoustics @5 03
C03 01  X  SPA  @0 Acústica musical @5 03
C03 02  X  FRE  @0 Acoustique salle @5 04
C03 02  X  ENG  @0 Room acoustics @5 04
C03 02  X  SPA  @0 Acústica sala @5 04
C03 03  X  FRE  @0 Salle concert @5 05
C03 03  X  ENG  @0 Concert hall @5 05
C03 03  X  SPA  @0 Sala concierto @5 05
C03 04  X  FRE  @0 Chant @5 06
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C03 05  X  FRE  @0 Fonction autocorrélation @5 17
C03 05  X  ENG  @0 Autocorrelation function @5 17
C03 05  X  SPA  @0 Función autocorrelación @5 17
C03 06  X  FRE  @0 Temps retard @5 18
C03 06  X  ENG  @0 Delay time @5 18
C03 06  X  SPA  @0 Tiempo retardo @5 18
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C03 08  X  FRE  @0 4375 @2 PAC @4 INC @5 57
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pR  
A30 01  1  ENG  @1 ICA: International Conference on Acoustics @2 17 @3 Rome ITA @4 2001-09-03

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Pascal:03-0084307

Le document en format XML

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