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Studies on the Control of Cylindrocladium buxicola Using Fungicides and Host Resistance

Identifieur interne : 000273 ( PascalFrancis/Corpus ); précédent : 000272; suivant : 000274

Studies on the Control of Cylindrocladium buxicola Using Fungicides and Host Resistance

Auteurs : B. Henricot ; C. Gorton ; G. Denton ; J. Denton

Source :

RBID : Pascal:08-0429148

Descripteurs français

English descriptors

Abstract

Cylindrocladium buxicola is a fungal pathogen that causes a severe leaf and twig blight on Buxus spp. Laboratory experiments were carried out to study the in vitro effect of 13 fungicides on mycelial growth and conidia germination of the fungus. Based on the values of the effective concentration at which mycelial growth was inhibited by 50%, the fungicide Stroby (kresoxim-methyl) and the combined fungicides Opponent (epoxiconazole + kresoxim-methyl + pyraclostrobin), Opera (epoxiconazole + pyraclostrobin), and Signum (boscalid + pyraclostrobin) were the most effective at inhibiting mycelial growth and conidia germination. Pathogenicity assays showed that the host range of the fungus was not limited to the genus Buxus because Sarcococca sp. also was susceptible. None of the 10 boxwood species and cultivars tested were immune to the disease, although Buxus balearica as well as Sarcococca sp. showed significantly lower levels of infection as measured by the expression of leaf symptoms and the number of conidia produced on host tissue, the latter probably contributing to the apparent resistance of these species in the field. Microscopic observation showed that disease development was very rapid and aggressive on B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' where it was able to survive at least 5 years on decomposing fallen leaves.

Notice en format standard (ISO 2709)

Pour connaître la documentation sur le format Inist Standard.

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A01 01  1    @0 0191-2917
A02 01      @0 PLDIDE
A03   1    @0 Plant dis.
A05       @2 92
A06       @2 9
A08 01  1  ENG  @1 Studies on the Control of Cylindrocladium buxicola Using Fungicides and Host Resistance
A11 01  1    @1 HENRICOT (B.)
A11 02  1    @1 GORTON (C.)
A11 03  1    @1 DENTON (G.)
A11 04  1    @1 DENTON (J.)
A14 01      @1 Plant Pathology Department, The Royal Horticultural Society, Wisley, Woking @2 Surrey, GU23 6QB @3 GBR @Z 1 aut. @Z 2 aut. @Z 3 aut. @Z 4 aut.
A20       @1 1273-1279
A21       @1 2008
A23 01      @0 ENG
A43 01      @1 INIST @2 12673 @5 354000196337500020
A44       @0 0000 @1 © 2008 INIST-CNRS. All rights reserved.
A45       @0 26 ref.
A47 01  1    @0 08-0429148
A60       @1 P
A61       @0 A
A64 01  1    @0 Plant disease
A66 01      @0 USA
C01 01    ENG  @0 Cylindrocladium buxicola is a fungal pathogen that causes a severe leaf and twig blight on Buxus spp. Laboratory experiments were carried out to study the in vitro effect of 13 fungicides on mycelial growth and conidia germination of the fungus. Based on the values of the effective concentration at which mycelial growth was inhibited by 50%, the fungicide Stroby (kresoxim-methyl) and the combined fungicides Opponent (epoxiconazole + kresoxim-methyl + pyraclostrobin), Opera (epoxiconazole + pyraclostrobin), and Signum (boscalid + pyraclostrobin) were the most effective at inhibiting mycelial growth and conidia germination. Pathogenicity assays showed that the host range of the fungus was not limited to the genus Buxus because Sarcococca sp. also was susceptible. None of the 10 boxwood species and cultivars tested were immune to the disease, although Buxus balearica as well as Sarcococca sp. showed significantly lower levels of infection as measured by the expression of leaf symptoms and the number of conidia produced on host tissue, the latter probably contributing to the apparent resistance of these species in the field. Microscopic observation showed that disease development was very rapid and aggressive on B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' where it was able to survive at least 5 years on decomposing fallen leaves.
C02 01  X    @0 002A34G
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C03 01  X  ENG  @0 Buxus balearica @2 NS @5 01
C03 01  X  SPA  @0 Buxus balearica @2 NS @5 01
C03 02  X  FRE  @0 Cultivar @5 02
C03 02  X  ENG  @0 Cultivar @5 02
C03 02  X  SPA  @0 Cultivar @5 02
C03 03  X  FRE  @0 Cylindrocladium @2 NS @5 05
C03 03  X  ENG  @0 Cylindrocladium @2 NS @5 05
C03 03  X  SPA  @0 Cylindrocladium @2 NS @5 05
C03 04  X  FRE  @0 Fongicide @5 06
C03 04  X  ENG  @0 Fungicide @5 06
C03 04  X  SPA  @0 Fungicida @5 06
C03 05  X  FRE  @0 Résistance @5 07
C03 05  X  ENG  @0 Resistance @5 07
C03 05  X  SPA  @0 Resistencia @5 07
C03 06  X  FRE  @0 In vitro @5 08
C03 06  X  ENG  @0 In vitro @5 08
C03 06  X  SPA  @0 In vitro @5 08
C03 07  X  FRE  @0 Germination @5 09
C03 07  X  ENG  @0 Germination @5 09
C03 07  X  SPA  @0 Germinación @5 09
C03 08  X  FRE  @0 Pouvoir pathogène @5 10
C03 08  X  ENG  @0 Pathogenicity @5 10
C03 08  X  SPA  @0 Poder patógeno @5 10
C03 09  X  FRE  @0 Spectre hôte @5 11
C03 09  X  ENG  @0 Host range @5 11
C03 09  X  SPA  @0 Espectro huesped @5 11
C03 10  X  FRE  @0 Développement maladie @5 12
C03 10  X  ENG  @0 Disease development @5 12
C03 10  X  SPA  @0 Desarrollo enfermedad @5 12
C03 11  X  FRE  @0 Plante @5 45
C03 11  X  ENG  @0 Plant @5 45
C03 11  X  SPA  @0 Planta @5 45
C03 12  X  FRE  @0 Microbiologie @5 67
C03 12  X  ENG  @0 Microbiology @5 67
C03 12  X  SPA  @0 Microbiología @5 67
C03 13  X  FRE  @0 Phytopathologie @5 68
C03 13  X  ENG  @0 Plant pathology @5 68
C03 13  X  SPA  @0 Fitopatología @5 68
C03 14  X  FRE  @0 Phytopathogène @5 69
C03 14  X  ENG  @0 Plant pathogen @5 69
C03 14  X  SPA  @0 Fitopatógeno @5 69
C03 15  X  FRE  @0 Epoxiconazole @4 INC @5 79
C03 16  X  FRE  @0 Boscalid @4 INC @5 80
C03 17  X  FRE  @0 Krésoxim-méthyl @4 CD @5 96
C03 17  X  ENG  @0 Kresoxim-methyl @4 CD @5 96
C03 17  X  SPA  @0 Kresoxim-metil @4 CD @5 96
C03 18  X  FRE  @0 Pyraclostrobine @4 CD @5 97
C03 18  X  ENG  @0 Pyraclostrobin @4 CD @5 97
C03 18  X  SPA  @0 Piraclostrobin @4 CD @5 97
C07 01  X  FRE  @0 Buxaceae @2 NS
C07 01  X  ENG  @0 Buxaceae @2 NS
C07 01  X  SPA  @0 Buxaceae @2 NS
C07 02  X  FRE  @0 Dicotyledones @2 NS
C07 02  X  ENG  @0 Dicotyledones @2 NS
C07 02  X  SPA  @0 Dicotyledones @2 NS
C07 03  X  FRE  @0 Angiospermae @2 NS
C07 03  X  ENG  @0 Angiospermae @2 NS
C07 03  X  SPA  @0 Angiospermae @2 NS
C07 04  X  FRE  @0 Spermatophyta @2 NS
C07 04  X  ENG  @0 Spermatophyta @2 NS
C07 04  X  SPA  @0 Spermatophyta @2 NS
C07 05  X  FRE  @0 Fungi Imperfecti @2 NS
C07 05  X  ENG  @0 Fungi Imperfecti @2 NS
C07 05  X  SPA  @0 Fungi Imperfecti @2 NS
C07 06  X  FRE  @0 Fungi @2 NS
C07 06  X  ENG  @0 Fungi @2 NS
C07 06  X  SPA  @0 Fungi @2 NS
C07 07  X  FRE  @0 Pesticide
C07 07  X  ENG  @0 Pesticides
C07 07  X  SPA  @0 Plaguicida
C07 08  X  FRE  @0 Arbuste ornemental @5 13
C07 08  X  ENG  @0 Ornamental shrub @5 13
C07 08  X  SPA  @0 Arbusto ornamental @5 13
C07 09  X  FRE  @0 Strobilurine @2 NK @2 FR @5 16
C07 09  X  ENG  @0 Strobilurin @2 NK @2 FR @5 16
C07 09  X  SPA  @0 Strobilurina @2 NK @2 FR @5 16
C07 10  X  FRE  @0 Dérivé du triazole @5 17
C07 10  X  ENG  @0 Triazole derivatives @5 17
C07 10  X  SPA  @0 Triazol derivado @5 17
C07 11  X  FRE  @0 Systémique @5 18
C07 11  X  ENG  @0 Systemic @5 18
C07 11  X  SPA  @0 Sistémico @5 18
C07 12  X  FRE  @0 Anilide @5 19
C07 12  X  ENG  @0 Anilide @5 19
C07 12  X  SPA  @0 Anilido @5 19
C07 13  X  FRE  @0 Carboxamide @5 20
C07 13  X  ENG  @0 Carboxamide @5 20
C07 13  X  SPA  @0 Carboxamida @5 20
C07 14  X  FRE  @0 Dérivé de la pyridine @5 21
C07 14  X  ENG  @0 Pyridine derivatives @5 21
C07 14  X  SPA  @0 Piridina derivado @5 21
N21       @1 280
N44 01      @1 OTO
N82       @1 OTO

Format Inist (serveur)

NO : PASCAL 08-0429148 INIST
ET : Studies on the Control of Cylindrocladium buxicola Using Fungicides and Host Resistance
AU : HENRICOT (B.); GORTON (C.); DENTON (G.); DENTON (J.)
AF : Plant Pathology Department, The Royal Horticultural Society, Wisley, Woking/Surrey, GU23 6QB/Royaume-Uni (1 aut., 2 aut., 3 aut., 4 aut.)
DT : Publication en série; Niveau analytique
SO : Plant disease; ISSN 0191-2917; Coden PLDIDE; Etats-Unis; Da. 2008; Vol. 92; No. 9; Pp. 1273-1279; Bibl. 26 ref.
LA : Anglais
EA : Cylindrocladium buxicola is a fungal pathogen that causes a severe leaf and twig blight on Buxus spp. Laboratory experiments were carried out to study the in vitro effect of 13 fungicides on mycelial growth and conidia germination of the fungus. Based on the values of the effective concentration at which mycelial growth was inhibited by 50%, the fungicide Stroby (kresoxim-methyl) and the combined fungicides Opponent (epoxiconazole + kresoxim-methyl + pyraclostrobin), Opera (epoxiconazole + pyraclostrobin), and Signum (boscalid + pyraclostrobin) were the most effective at inhibiting mycelial growth and conidia germination. Pathogenicity assays showed that the host range of the fungus was not limited to the genus Buxus because Sarcococca sp. also was susceptible. None of the 10 boxwood species and cultivars tested were immune to the disease, although Buxus balearica as well as Sarcococca sp. showed significantly lower levels of infection as measured by the expression of leaf symptoms and the number of conidia produced on host tissue, the latter probably contributing to the apparent resistance of these species in the field. Microscopic observation showed that disease development was very rapid and aggressive on B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' where it was able to survive at least 5 years on decomposing fallen leaves.
CC : 002A34G
FD : Buxus balearica; Cultivar; Cylindrocladium; Fongicide; Résistance; In vitro; Germination; Pouvoir pathogène; Spectre hôte; Développement maladie; Plante; Microbiologie; Phytopathologie; Phytopathogène; Epoxiconazole; Boscalid; Krésoxim-méthyl; Pyraclostrobine
FG : Buxaceae; Dicotyledones; Angiospermae; Spermatophyta; Fungi Imperfecti; Fungi; Pesticide; Arbuste ornemental; Strobilurine; Dérivé du triazole; Systémique; Anilide; Carboxamide; Dérivé de la pyridine
ED : Buxus balearica; Cultivar; Cylindrocladium; Fungicide; Resistance; In vitro; Germination; Pathogenicity; Host range; Disease development; Plant; Microbiology; Plant pathology; Plant pathogen; Kresoxim-methyl; Pyraclostrobin
EG : Buxaceae; Dicotyledones; Angiospermae; Spermatophyta; Fungi Imperfecti; Fungi; Pesticides; Ornamental shrub; Strobilurin; Triazole derivatives; Systemic; Anilide; Carboxamide; Pyridine derivatives
SD : Buxus balearica; Cultivar; Cylindrocladium; Fungicida; Resistencia; In vitro; Germinación; Poder patógeno; Espectro huesped; Desarrollo enfermedad; Planta; Microbiología; Fitopatología; Fitopatógeno; Kresoxim-metil; Piraclostrobin
LO : INIST-12673.354000196337500020
ID : 08-0429148

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Pascal:08-0429148

Le document en format XML

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<div type="abstract" xml:lang="en">Cylindrocladium buxicola is a fungal pathogen that causes a severe leaf and twig blight on Buxus spp. Laboratory experiments were carried out to study the in vitro effect of 13 fungicides on mycelial growth and conidia germination of the fungus. Based on the values of the effective concentration at which mycelial growth was inhibited by 50%, the fungicide Stroby (kresoxim-methyl) and the combined fungicides Opponent (epoxiconazole + kresoxim-methyl + pyraclostrobin), Opera (epoxiconazole + pyraclostrobin), and Signum (boscalid + pyraclostrobin) were the most effective at inhibiting mycelial growth and conidia germination. Pathogenicity assays showed that the host range of the fungus was not limited to the genus Buxus because Sarcococca sp. also was susceptible. None of the 10 boxwood species and cultivars tested were immune to the disease, although Buxus balearica as well as Sarcococca sp. showed significantly lower levels of infection as measured by the expression of leaf symptoms and the number of conidia produced on host tissue, the latter probably contributing to the apparent resistance of these species in the field. Microscopic observation showed that disease development was very rapid and aggressive on B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' where it was able to survive at least 5 years on decomposing fallen leaves.</div>
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</fA64>
<fA66 i1="01">
<s0>USA</s0>
</fA66>
<fC01 i1="01" l="ENG">
<s0>Cylindrocladium buxicola is a fungal pathogen that causes a severe leaf and twig blight on Buxus spp. Laboratory experiments were carried out to study the in vitro effect of 13 fungicides on mycelial growth and conidia germination of the fungus. Based on the values of the effective concentration at which mycelial growth was inhibited by 50%, the fungicide Stroby (kresoxim-methyl) and the combined fungicides Opponent (epoxiconazole + kresoxim-methyl + pyraclostrobin), Opera (epoxiconazole + pyraclostrobin), and Signum (boscalid + pyraclostrobin) were the most effective at inhibiting mycelial growth and conidia germination. Pathogenicity assays showed that the host range of the fungus was not limited to the genus Buxus because Sarcococca sp. also was susceptible. None of the 10 boxwood species and cultivars tested were immune to the disease, although Buxus balearica as well as Sarcococca sp. showed significantly lower levels of infection as measured by the expression of leaf symptoms and the number of conidia produced on host tissue, the latter probably contributing to the apparent resistance of these species in the field. Microscopic observation showed that disease development was very rapid and aggressive on B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' where it was able to survive at least 5 years on decomposing fallen leaves.</s0>
</fC01>
<fC02 i1="01" i2="X">
<s0>002A34G</s0>
</fC02>
<fC03 i1="01" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Buxus balearica</s0>
<s2>NS</s2>
<s5>01</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="01" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Buxus balearica</s0>
<s2>NS</s2>
<s5>01</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="01" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Buxus balearica</s0>
<s2>NS</s2>
<s5>01</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="02" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Cultivar</s0>
<s5>02</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="02" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Cultivar</s0>
<s5>02</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="02" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Cultivar</s0>
<s5>02</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="03" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Cylindrocladium</s0>
<s2>NS</s2>
<s5>05</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="03" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Cylindrocladium</s0>
<s2>NS</s2>
<s5>05</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="03" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Cylindrocladium</s0>
<s2>NS</s2>
<s5>05</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="04" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Fongicide</s0>
<s5>06</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="04" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Fungicide</s0>
<s5>06</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="04" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Fungicida</s0>
<s5>06</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="05" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Résistance</s0>
<s5>07</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="05" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Resistance</s0>
<s5>07</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="05" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Resistencia</s0>
<s5>07</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="06" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>In vitro</s0>
<s5>08</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="06" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>In vitro</s0>
<s5>08</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="06" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>In vitro</s0>
<s5>08</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="07" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Germination</s0>
<s5>09</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="07" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Germination</s0>
<s5>09</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="07" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Germinación</s0>
<s5>09</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="08" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Pouvoir pathogène</s0>
<s5>10</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="08" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Pathogenicity</s0>
<s5>10</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="08" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Poder patógeno</s0>
<s5>10</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="09" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Spectre hôte</s0>
<s5>11</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="09" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Host range</s0>
<s5>11</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="09" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Espectro huesped</s0>
<s5>11</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="10" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Développement maladie</s0>
<s5>12</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="10" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Disease development</s0>
<s5>12</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="10" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Desarrollo enfermedad</s0>
<s5>12</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="11" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Plante</s0>
<s5>45</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="11" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Plant</s0>
<s5>45</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="11" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Planta</s0>
<s5>45</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="12" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Microbiologie</s0>
<s5>67</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="12" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Microbiology</s0>
<s5>67</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="12" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Microbiología</s0>
<s5>67</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="13" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Phytopathologie</s0>
<s5>68</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="13" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Plant pathology</s0>
<s5>68</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="13" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Fitopatología</s0>
<s5>68</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="14" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Phytopathogène</s0>
<s5>69</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="14" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Plant pathogen</s0>
<s5>69</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="14" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Fitopatógeno</s0>
<s5>69</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="15" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Epoxiconazole</s0>
<s4>INC</s4>
<s5>79</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="16" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Boscalid</s0>
<s4>INC</s4>
<s5>80</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="17" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Krésoxim-méthyl</s0>
<s4>CD</s4>
<s5>96</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="17" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Kresoxim-methyl</s0>
<s4>CD</s4>
<s5>96</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="17" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Kresoxim-metil</s0>
<s4>CD</s4>
<s5>96</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="18" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Pyraclostrobine</s0>
<s4>CD</s4>
<s5>97</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="18" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Pyraclostrobin</s0>
<s4>CD</s4>
<s5>97</s5>
</fC03>
<fC03 i1="18" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Piraclostrobin</s0>
<s4>CD</s4>
<s5>97</s5>
</fC03>
<fC07 i1="01" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Buxaceae</s0>
<s2>NS</s2>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="01" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Buxaceae</s0>
<s2>NS</s2>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="01" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Buxaceae</s0>
<s2>NS</s2>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="02" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Dicotyledones</s0>
<s2>NS</s2>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="02" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Dicotyledones</s0>
<s2>NS</s2>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="02" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Dicotyledones</s0>
<s2>NS</s2>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="03" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Angiospermae</s0>
<s2>NS</s2>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="03" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Angiospermae</s0>
<s2>NS</s2>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="03" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Angiospermae</s0>
<s2>NS</s2>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="04" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Spermatophyta</s0>
<s2>NS</s2>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="04" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Spermatophyta</s0>
<s2>NS</s2>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="04" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Spermatophyta</s0>
<s2>NS</s2>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="05" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Fungi Imperfecti</s0>
<s2>NS</s2>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="05" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Fungi Imperfecti</s0>
<s2>NS</s2>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="05" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Fungi Imperfecti</s0>
<s2>NS</s2>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="06" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Fungi</s0>
<s2>NS</s2>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="06" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Fungi</s0>
<s2>NS</s2>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="06" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Fungi</s0>
<s2>NS</s2>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="07" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Pesticide</s0>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="07" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Pesticides</s0>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="07" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Plaguicida</s0>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="08" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Arbuste ornemental</s0>
<s5>13</s5>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="08" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Ornamental shrub</s0>
<s5>13</s5>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="08" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Arbusto ornamental</s0>
<s5>13</s5>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="09" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Strobilurine</s0>
<s2>NK</s2>
<s2>FR</s2>
<s5>16</s5>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="09" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Strobilurin</s0>
<s2>NK</s2>
<s2>FR</s2>
<s5>16</s5>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="09" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Strobilurina</s0>
<s2>NK</s2>
<s2>FR</s2>
<s5>16</s5>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="10" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Dérivé du triazole</s0>
<s5>17</s5>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="10" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Triazole derivatives</s0>
<s5>17</s5>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="10" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Triazol derivado</s0>
<s5>17</s5>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="11" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Systémique</s0>
<s5>18</s5>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="11" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Systemic</s0>
<s5>18</s5>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="11" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Sistémico</s0>
<s5>18</s5>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="12" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Anilide</s0>
<s5>19</s5>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="12" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Anilide</s0>
<s5>19</s5>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="12" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Anilido</s0>
<s5>19</s5>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="13" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Carboxamide</s0>
<s5>20</s5>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="13" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Carboxamide</s0>
<s5>20</s5>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="13" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Carboxamida</s0>
<s5>20</s5>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="14" i2="X" l="FRE">
<s0>Dérivé de la pyridine</s0>
<s5>21</s5>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="14" i2="X" l="ENG">
<s0>Pyridine derivatives</s0>
<s5>21</s5>
</fC07>
<fC07 i1="14" i2="X" l="SPA">
<s0>Piridina derivado</s0>
<s5>21</s5>
</fC07>
<fN21>
<s1>280</s1>
</fN21>
<fN44 i1="01">
<s1>OTO</s1>
</fN44>
<fN82>
<s1>OTO</s1>
</fN82>
</pA>
</standard>
<server>
<NO>PASCAL 08-0429148 INIST</NO>
<ET>Studies on the Control of Cylindrocladium buxicola Using Fungicides and Host Resistance</ET>
<AU>HENRICOT (B.); GORTON (C.); DENTON (G.); DENTON (J.)</AU>
<AF>Plant Pathology Department, The Royal Horticultural Society, Wisley, Woking/Surrey, GU23 6QB/Royaume-Uni (1 aut., 2 aut., 3 aut., 4 aut.)</AF>
<DT>Publication en série; Niveau analytique</DT>
<SO>Plant disease; ISSN 0191-2917; Coden PLDIDE; Etats-Unis; Da. 2008; Vol. 92; No. 9; Pp. 1273-1279; Bibl. 26 ref.</SO>
<LA>Anglais</LA>
<EA>Cylindrocladium buxicola is a fungal pathogen that causes a severe leaf and twig blight on Buxus spp. Laboratory experiments were carried out to study the in vitro effect of 13 fungicides on mycelial growth and conidia germination of the fungus. Based on the values of the effective concentration at which mycelial growth was inhibited by 50%, the fungicide Stroby (kresoxim-methyl) and the combined fungicides Opponent (epoxiconazole + kresoxim-methyl + pyraclostrobin), Opera (epoxiconazole + pyraclostrobin), and Signum (boscalid + pyraclostrobin) were the most effective at inhibiting mycelial growth and conidia germination. Pathogenicity assays showed that the host range of the fungus was not limited to the genus Buxus because Sarcococca sp. also was susceptible. None of the 10 boxwood species and cultivars tested were immune to the disease, although Buxus balearica as well as Sarcococca sp. showed significantly lower levels of infection as measured by the expression of leaf symptoms and the number of conidia produced on host tissue, the latter probably contributing to the apparent resistance of these species in the field. Microscopic observation showed that disease development was very rapid and aggressive on B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' where it was able to survive at least 5 years on decomposing fallen leaves.</EA>
<CC>002A34G</CC>
<FD>Buxus balearica; Cultivar; Cylindrocladium; Fongicide; Résistance; In vitro; Germination; Pouvoir pathogène; Spectre hôte; Développement maladie; Plante; Microbiologie; Phytopathologie; Phytopathogène; Epoxiconazole; Boscalid; Krésoxim-méthyl; Pyraclostrobine</FD>
<FG>Buxaceae; Dicotyledones; Angiospermae; Spermatophyta; Fungi Imperfecti; Fungi; Pesticide; Arbuste ornemental; Strobilurine; Dérivé du triazole; Systémique; Anilide; Carboxamide; Dérivé de la pyridine</FG>
<ED>Buxus balearica; Cultivar; Cylindrocladium; Fungicide; Resistance; In vitro; Germination; Pathogenicity; Host range; Disease development; Plant; Microbiology; Plant pathology; Plant pathogen; Kresoxim-methyl; Pyraclostrobin</ED>
<EG>Buxaceae; Dicotyledones; Angiospermae; Spermatophyta; Fungi Imperfecti; Fungi; Pesticides; Ornamental shrub; Strobilurin; Triazole derivatives; Systemic; Anilide; Carboxamide; Pyridine derivatives</EG>
<SD>Buxus balearica; Cultivar; Cylindrocladium; Fungicida; Resistencia; In vitro; Germinación; Poder patógeno; Espectro huesped; Desarrollo enfermedad; Planta; Microbiología; Fitopatología; Fitopatógeno; Kresoxim-metil; Piraclostrobin</SD>
<LO>INIST-12673.354000196337500020</LO>
<ID>08-0429148</ID>
</server>
</inist>
</record>

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