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Voice Source Variation Between Vowels in Male Opera Singers.

Identifieur interne : 000D98 ( Ncbi/Merge ); précédent : 000D97; suivant : 000D99

Voice Source Variation Between Vowels in Male Opera Singers.

Auteurs : Johan Sundberg [Suède] ; Filipa M B. Lã [Portugal] ; Brian P Gill [États-Unis]

Source :

RBID : pubmed:26350698

Abstract

The theory of nonlinear source-filter interaction predicts that the glottal voice source should be affected by the frequency relationship between formants and partials. An attempt to experimentally verify this theory is presented.


DOI: 10.1016/j.jvoice.2015.07.010

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pubmed:26350698

Le document en format XML

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<title xml:lang="en">Voice Source Variation Between Vowels in Male Opera Singers.</title>
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<name sortKey="Sundberg, Johan" sort="Sundberg, Johan" uniqKey="Sundberg J" first="Johan" last="Sundberg">Johan Sundberg</name>
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<nlm:affiliation>Department of Speech, Music and Hearing, School of Computer Science and Communication, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden; University College of Music Education, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: pjohan@speech.kth.se.</nlm:affiliation>
<country xml:lang="fr">Suède</country>
<wicri:regionArea>Department of Speech, Music and Hearing, School of Computer Science and Communication, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden; University College of Music Education, Stockholm</wicri:regionArea>
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<name sortKey="La, Filipa M B" sort="La, Filipa M B" uniqKey="La F" first="Filipa M B" last="Lã">Filipa M B. Lã</name>
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<nlm:affiliation>Department of Communication and Arts, INET-MD, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal.</nlm:affiliation>
<country xml:lang="fr">Portugal</country>
<wicri:regionArea>Department of Communication and Arts, INET-MD, University of Aveiro, Aveiro</wicri:regionArea>
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<name sortKey="P Gill, Brian" sort="P Gill, Brian" uniqKey="P Gill B" first="Brian" last="P Gill">Brian P Gill</name>
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<nlm:affiliation>Department Jacobs School of Music, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana.</nlm:affiliation>
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<wicri:cityArea>Department Jacobs School of Music, Indiana University, Bloomington</wicri:cityArea>
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<nlm:affiliation>Department of Communication and Arts, INET-MD, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal.</nlm:affiliation>
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<name sortKey="P Gill, Brian" sort="P Gill, Brian" uniqKey="P Gill B" first="Brian" last="P Gill">Brian P Gill</name>
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<nlm:affiliation>Department Jacobs School of Music, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana.</nlm:affiliation>
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<title level="j">Journal of voice : official journal of the Voice Foundation</title>
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<div type="abstract" xml:lang="en">The theory of nonlinear source-filter interaction predicts that the glottal voice source should be affected by the frequency relationship between formants and partials. An attempt to experimentally verify this theory is presented.</div>
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<Title>Journal of voice : official journal of the Voice Foundation</Title>
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<ArticleTitle>Voice Source Variation Between Vowels in Male Opera Singers.</ArticleTitle>
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<AbstractText Label="OBJECTIVES" NlmCategory="OBJECTIVE">The theory of nonlinear source-filter interaction predicts that the glottal voice source should be affected by the frequency relationship between formants and partials. An attempt to experimentally verify this theory is presented.</AbstractText>
<AbstractText Label="STUDY DESIGN" NlmCategory="METHODS">Glottal voice source and electrolaryngograph (ELG) signal differences between vowels were analyzed in vowel sequences, sung at four pitches with the same degree of vocal loudness by professional opera singers. In addition, the relationships between such differences and the frequency distance between the first formant (F1) and its closest partial were examined.</AbstractText>
<AbstractText Label="METHODS" NlmCategory="METHODS">A digital laryngograph microprocessor was used to simultaneously record audio and ELG signals. The former was inverse filtered, and voice source parameters and formant frequencies were extracted. The amplitude quotient of the derivative of the ELG signal (AQdELG) and the contact quotient were also compared.</AbstractText>
<AbstractText Label="RESULTS" NlmCategory="RESULTS">A one-way repeated-measures ANOVA revealed significant differences between vowels, for contact quotient at four pitches and for maximum flow declination rate (MFDR) at three pitches. For other voice source parameters, differences were found at one or two pitches only. No consistent correlation was found between MFDR and the distance between F1 and its closest partial.</AbstractText>
<AbstractText Label="CONCLUSIONS" NlmCategory="CONCLUSIONS">The glottal voice source tends to vary between vowels, presumably because of source-filter interaction, but the variation does not seem to be dependent on the frequency distance between F1 and its closest partial.</AbstractText>
<CopyrightInformation>Copyright © 2015 The Voice Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.</CopyrightInformation>
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<Affiliation>Department of Speech, Music and Hearing, School of Computer Science and Communication, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden; University College of Music Education, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: pjohan@speech.kth.se.</Affiliation>
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