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Perspectives on the rhythm–grammar link and its implications for typical and atypical language development

Identifieur interne : 000142 ( Main/Merge ); précédent : 000141; suivant : 000143

Perspectives on the rhythm–grammar link and its implications for typical and atypical language development

Auteurs : Reyna L. Gordon [États-Unis] ; Magdalene S. Jacobs [États-Unis] ; C. Melanie Schuele [États-Unis] ; J. Devin Mcauley

Source :

RBID : PMC:4794983

Abstract

This paper reviews the mounting evidence for shared cognitive mechanisms and neural resources for rhythm and grammar. Evidence for a role of rhythm skills in language development and language comprehension is reviewed here in three lines of research: (a) behavioral and brain data from adults and children, showing that prosody and other aspects of timing of sentences influence online morpho-syntactic processing; (b) co-morbidity of impaired rhythm with grammatical deficits in children with language impairment; and (c) our recent work showing a strong positive association between rhythm perception skills and expressive grammatical skills in young school-age children with typical development. Our preliminary follow-up study presented here revealed that musical rhythm perception predicted variance in six-year-old children’s production of complex syntax, as well as online reorganization of grammatical information (transformation); these data provide an additional perspective on the hierarchical relations potentially shared by rhythm and grammar. A theoretical framework for shared cognitive resources for the role of rhythm in perceiving and learning grammatical structure is elaborated on in light of potential implications for using rhythm-emphasized musical training to improve language skills in children.


Url:
DOI: 10.1111/nyas.12683
PubMed: 25773612
PubMed Central: 4794983

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PMC:4794983

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