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Hugo De Vries: from the theory of intracellular pangenesis to the rediscovery of Mendel

Identifieur interne : 002488 ( Main/Exploration ); précédent : 002487; suivant : 002489

Hugo De Vries: from the theory of intracellular pangenesis to the rediscovery of Mendel

Auteurs : Charles Lenay [France]

Source :

RBID : ISTEX:0E0B7E140BDDE6106716508C511346621C0FE00B

Mots-clés :

Abstract

On the basis of the article by the Dutch botanist Hugo De Vries ‘On the law of separation of hybrids’ published in the Reports of the Académie des Sciences in 1900, and the beginning of the controversy about priority with Carl Correns and Erich von Tschermak, I consider the question of the posthumous influence of the Mendel paper. I examine the construction of the new theoretical framework which enabled its reading in 1900 as a clear and acceptable presentation of the rules of the transmission of hereditary characters. In particular, I analyse the introduction of the idea of determinants of organic characters, understood as separable material elements which can be distributed randomly in descendants. Starting from the question of heredity, such as it was defined by Darwin in 1868, and after its critical developments by August Weismann, Hugo De Vries was able to suggest such an idea in his Intracellular Pangenesis. He then laid out a programme of research which helps us to understand the ‘rediscovery’ published in 1900.


Url:
DOI: 10.1016/S0764-4469(00)01250-6


Affiliations:


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