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Short-term Second Language and Music Training Induces Lasting Functional Brain Changes in Early Childhood

Identifieur interne : 000342 ( Main/Exploration ); précédent : 000341; suivant : 000343

Short-term Second Language and Music Training Induces Lasting Functional Brain Changes in Early Childhood

Auteurs : Sylvain Moreno ; Yunjo Lee

Source :

RBID : PMC:4376572

Abstract

Immediate and lasting effects of music or second-language training were examined in early childhood using event-related potentials (ERPs). ERPs were recorded for French vowels and musical notes in a passive oddball paradigm in 36 four- to six-year-old children who received either French or music training. Following training, both groups showed enhanced late discriminative negativity (LDN) in their trained condition (music group–musical notes; French group–French vowels) and reduced LDN in the untrained condition. These changes reflect improved processing of relevant (trained) sounds, and an increased capacity to suppress irrelevant (untrained) sounds. After one year, training-induced brain changes persisted and new hemispheric changes appeared. Such results provide evidence for the lasting benefit of early intervention in young children.


Url:
DOI: 10.1111/cdev.12297
PubMed: 25346534
PubMed Central: 4376572


Affiliations:


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