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Intonation processing deficits of emotional words among Mandarin Chinese speakers with congenital amusia: an ERP study

Identifieur interne : 000179 ( Main/Exploration ); précédent : 000178; suivant : 000180

Intonation processing deficits of emotional words among Mandarin Chinese speakers with congenital amusia: an ERP study

Auteurs : Xuejing Lu [Australie, République populaire de Chine] ; Hao Tam Ho [Australie] ; Fang Liu [Royaume-Uni] ; Daxing Wu [République populaire de Chine] ; William F. Thompson [Australie]

Source :

RBID : PMC:4391227

Abstract

Background: Congenital amusia is a disorder that is known to affect the processing of musical pitch. Although individuals with amusia rarely show language deficits in daily life, a number of findings point to possible impairments in speech prosody that amusic individuals may compensate for by drawing on linguistic information. Using EEG, we investigated (1) whether the processing of speech prosody is impaired in amusia and (2) whether emotional linguistic information can compensate for this impairment.

Method: Twenty Chinese amusics and 22 matched controls were presented pairs of emotional words spoken with either statement or question intonation while their EEG was recorded. Their task was to judge whether the intonations were the same.

Results: Amusics exhibited impaired performance on the intonation-matching task for emotional linguistic information, as their performance was significantly worse than that of controls. EEG results showed a reduced N2 response to incongruent intonation pairs in amusics compared with controls, which likely reflects impaired conflict processing in amusia. However, our EEG results also indicated that amusics were intact in early sensory auditory processing, as revealed by a comparable N1 modulation in both groups.

Conclusion: We propose that the impairment in discriminating speech intonation observed among amusic individuals may arise from an inability to access information extracted at early processing stages. This, in turn, could reflect a disconnection between low-level and high-level processing.


Url:
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00385
PubMed: 25914659
PubMed Central: 4391227


Affiliations:


Links toward previous steps (curation, corpus...)


Le document en format XML

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<title xml:lang="en" level="a" type="main">Intonation processing deficits of emotional words among Mandarin Chinese speakers with congenital amusia: an ERP study</title>
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<country xml:lang="fr">République populaire de Chine</country>
<wicri:regionArea></wicri:regionArea>
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<bold>Background:</bold>
Congenital amusia is a disorder that is known to affect the processing of musical pitch. Although individuals with amusia rarely show language deficits in daily life, a number of findings point to possible impairments in speech prosody that amusic individuals may compensate for by drawing on linguistic information. Using EEG, we investigated (1) whether the processing of speech prosody is impaired in amusia and (2) whether emotional linguistic information can compensate for this impairment.</p>
<p>
<bold>Method:</bold>
Twenty Chinese amusics and 22 matched controls were presented pairs of emotional words spoken with either statement or question intonation while their EEG was recorded. Their task was to judge whether the intonations were the same.</p>
<p>
<bold>Results:</bold>
Amusics exhibited impaired performance on the intonation-matching task for emotional linguistic information, as their performance was significantly worse than that of controls. EEG results showed a reduced N2 response to incongruent intonation pairs in amusics compared with controls, which likely reflects impaired conflict processing in amusia. However, our EEG results also indicated that amusics were intact in early sensory auditory processing, as revealed by a comparable N1 modulation in both groups.</p>
<p>
<bold>Conclusion:</bold>
We propose that the impairment in discriminating speech intonation observed among amusic individuals may arise from an inability to access information extracted at early processing stages. This, in turn, could reflect a disconnection between low-level and high-level processing.</p>
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