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Tropical tropospheric ozone observed in Thailand

Identifieur interne : 002479 ( Main/Exploration ); précédent : 002478; suivant : 002480

Tropical tropospheric ozone observed in Thailand

Auteurs : Pakpong Pochanart [Japon] ; Jiemjai Kreasuwun [Thaïlande] ; Phaka Sukasem [Thaïlande] ; Werathep Geeratithadaniyom [Thaïlande] ; Monthip S. Tabucanon [Thaïlande] ; Jun Hirokawa [Japon] ; Yoshizumi Kajii [Japon] ; Hajime Akimoto [Japon]

Source :

RBID : ISTEX:EFC858E468B0941BD22593F5C94D50050C95A175

Abstract

The mixing ratios of surface ozone at two rural/remote sites in Thailand, Inthanon and Srinakarin, have been measured continuously for the first time. Almost identical seasonal variations of O3 with dry season maximum and a wet season minimum with a large seasonal amplitude are observed at both sites during 1996–1998. At Inthanon, the monthly averaged O3 mixing ratios range 9–55ppb, with the annual average of 27ppb. The ozone mixing ratios at Srinakarin are in the similar range, 9–45ppb with annual average of 28ppb. Based on trajectory analysis of O3 data at Inthanon, the long-range transport of O3 under Asian monsoon regime could primarily explain the low O3 mixing ratios of 13ppb in clean marine air mass from Indian Ocean during wet season but only partly explain the relatively low O3 mixing ratios, 26ppb or less, in continental air mass from northeast Asia either in wet or dry season. The highest O3 mixing ratios are found in air masses transported within southeast Asia, averaged 46ppb in dry season. The high O3 mixing ratios during the dry season are suggested to be significantly due to the local/sub-regional scale O3 production triggered by biomass burning in southeast Asia rather than long-range transport effect.


Url:
DOI: 10.1016/S1352-2310(00)00441-6


Affiliations:


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<div type="abstract" xml:lang="en">The mixing ratios of surface ozone at two rural/remote sites in Thailand, Inthanon and Srinakarin, have been measured continuously for the first time. Almost identical seasonal variations of O3 with dry season maximum and a wet season minimum with a large seasonal amplitude are observed at both sites during 1996–1998. At Inthanon, the monthly averaged O3 mixing ratios range 9–55ppb, with the annual average of 27ppb. The ozone mixing ratios at Srinakarin are in the similar range, 9–45ppb with annual average of 28ppb. Based on trajectory analysis of O3 data at Inthanon, the long-range transport of O3 under Asian monsoon regime could primarily explain the low O3 mixing ratios of 13ppb in clean marine air mass from Indian Ocean during wet season but only partly explain the relatively low O3 mixing ratios, 26ppb or less, in continental air mass from northeast Asia either in wet or dry season. The highest O3 mixing ratios are found in air masses transported within southeast Asia, averaged 46ppb in dry season. The high O3 mixing ratios during the dry season are suggested to be significantly due to the local/sub-regional scale O3 production triggered by biomass burning in southeast Asia rather than long-range transport effect.</div>
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