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Discussion:Arlon/10-0308293

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<record>
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    <pA>
      <fA05>
        <s2>27</s2>
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      <fA06>
        <s2>6</s2>
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      <fA08 i1="01" i2="1" l="ENG">
        <s1>Fusarium head blight and associated mycotoxin occurrence on winter wheat in Luxembourg in 2007/2008</s1>
      </fA08>
      <fA11 i1="01" i2="1">
        <s1>GIRAUD (Frédéric)</s1>
      </fA11>
      <fA11 i1="02" i2="1">
        <s1>PASQUALI (Matias)</s1>
      </fA11>
      <fA11 i1="03" i2="1">
        <s1>EL JARROUDI (Moussa)</s1>
      </fA11>
      <fA11 i1="04" i2="1">
        <s1>VRANCKEN (Carine)</s1>
      </fA11>
      <fA11 i1="05" i2="1">
        <s1>BROCHOT (Céline)</s1>
      </fA11>
      <fA11 i1="06" i2="1">
        <s1>COCCO (Emmanuelle)</s1>
      </fA11>
      <fA11 i1="07" i2="1">
        <s1>HOFFMANN (Lucien)</s1>
      </fA11>
      <fA11 i1="08" i2="1">
        <s1>DELFOSSE (Philippe)</s1>
      </fA11>
      <fA11 i1="09" i2="1">
        <s1>BOHN (Torsten)</s1>
      </fA11>
      <fA14 i1="01">
        <s1>Department of the Environment and Agro-Biotechnologies, CRP-Gabriel Lippmann, 41, rue du Brill</s1>
        <s2>4422 Belvaux</s2>
        <s3>LUX</s3>
        <sZ>1 aut.</sZ>
        <sZ>2 aut.</sZ>
        <sZ>4 aut.</sZ>
        <sZ>5 aut.</sZ>
        <sZ>6 aut.</sZ>
        <sZ>7 aut.</sZ>
        <sZ>8 aut.</sZ>
        <sZ>9 aut.</sZ>
      </fA14>
      <fA14 i1="02">
        <s1>Départment de Sciences et Gestion de l'Environnement, Université de Liège</s1>
        <s2>6700 Arlon</s2>
        <s3>BEL</s3>
        <sZ>3 aut.</sZ>
      </fA14>
      <fA20>
        <s1>825-835</s1>
      </fA20>
      <fA21>
        <s1>2010</s1>
      </fA21>
      <fA23 i1="01">
        <s0>ENG</s0>
      </fA23>
      <fA43 i1="01">
        <s1>INIST</s1>
        <s2>20834A</s2>
        <s5>354000170471020090</s5>
      </fA43>
      <fA44>
        <s0>0000</s0>
        <s1>© 2010 INIST-CNRS. All rights reserved.</s1>
      </fA44>
      <fA45>
        <s0>1 p.3/4</s0>
      </fA45>
      <fA47 i1="01" i2="1">
        <s0>10-0308293</s0>
      </fA47>
      <fA60>
        <s1>P</s1>
      </fA60>
      <fA61>
        <s0>A</s0>
      </fA61>
      <fA64 i1="01" i2="2">
        <s0>Food additives &amp; contaminants : part A chemistry, analysis, control, exposure &amp; risk assessment</s0>
      </fA64>
      <fA66 i1="01">
        <s0>GBR</s0>
      </fA66>
      <fC01 i1="01" l="ENG">
        <s0>Fusarium head blight (FHB) is among the major causes of reduced quality in winter wheat and its products. In addition, the causal fungi produce a variety of toxins. A relatively high FHB infection rate in winter wheat was observed in 2007 and 2008 in Luxembourg. A fusariotoxin survey was carried out in 17 different geographical locations. Three groups of Fusarium mycotoxins (trichothecenes A and B and zearalenone) were analysed by a multi-detection HPLC-MS/MS method. Fusarium strains were also investigated by morphological and molecular methods. In addition, questionnaires relating to cultural practices were sent to the farmers managing the 17 fields investigated. FHB prevalence ranged from 0.3 to 65.8% (mean: 8.5%) in 2007 and from 0 to 24.5% (mean: 8.3%) in 2008. Results of morphological and molecular identification showed that the most common species isolated from diseased wheat spikes was F. graminearum (33.1%), followed by F. avenaceum (20.3%) and F. poae (17.8%). The chemical analysis revealed that 75% of the investigated fields were contaminated by deoxynivalenol (DON, range 0-8111μg/kg). The preceding crop was highly and significantly correlated to the number of grains infected and had a significant impact on disease prevalence (p=0.025 and 0.017, respectively, Fisher's F-test). A trend was found for maize as the preceding crop (p=0.084, Tukey's test) to predict the amount of DON in the fields. This is the first report on the occurrence of DON and ZON in naturally infected wheat grains sampled from Luxembourg.</s0>
      </fC01>
      <fC02 i1="01" i2="X">
        <s0>002A35E</s0>
      </fC02>
      <fC02 i1="02" i2="X">
        <s0>002A35B03</s0>
      </fC02>
      <fC03 i1="01" i2="X" l="FRE">
        <s0>Fusarium</s0>
        <s2>NS</s2>
        <s5>01</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="01" i2="X" l="ENG">
        <s0>Fusarium</s0>
        <s2>NS</s2>
        <s5>01</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="01" i2="X" l="SPA">
        <s0>Fusarium</s0>
        <s2>NS</s2>
        <s5>01</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="02" i2="X" l="FRE">
        <s0>Tête</s0>
        <s5>02</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="02" i2="X" l="ENG">
        <s0>Head</s0>
        <s5>02</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="02" i2="X" l="SPA">
        <s0>Cabeza</s0>
        <s5>02</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="03" i2="X" l="FRE">
        <s0>Mycotoxine</s0>
        <s5>10</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="03" i2="X" l="ENG">
        <s0>Mycotoxin</s0>
        <s5>10</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="03" i2="X" l="SPA">
        <s0>Micotoxina</s0>
        <s5>10</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="04" i2="X" l="FRE">
        <s0>Surveillance</s0>
        <s5>19</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="04" i2="X" l="ENG">
        <s0>Surveillance</s0>
        <s5>19</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="04" i2="X" l="SPA">
        <s0>Vigilancia</s0>
        <s5>19</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="05" i2="X" l="FRE">
        <s0>Blé</s0>
        <s5>20</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="05" i2="X" l="ENG">
        <s0>Wheat</s0>
        <s5>20</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="05" i2="X" l="SPA">
        <s0>Trigo</s0>
        <s5>20</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="06" i2="X" l="FRE">
        <s0>Chromatographie phase liquide</s0>
        <s5>24</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="06" i2="X" l="ENG">
        <s0>Liquid chromatography</s0>
        <s5>24</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="06" i2="X" l="SPA">
        <s0>Cromatografía fase líquida</s0>
        <s5>24</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="07" i2="X" l="FRE">
        <s0>Biologie moléculaire</s0>
        <s5>26</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="07" i2="X" l="ENG">
        <s0>Molecular biology</s0>
        <s5>26</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="07" i2="X" l="SPA">
        <s0>Biología molecular</s0>
        <s5>26</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="08" i2="X" l="FRE">
        <s0>Réaction chaîne polymérase</s0>
        <s5>48</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="08" i2="X" l="ENG">
        <s0>Polymerase chain reaction</s0>
        <s5>48</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="08" i2="X" l="SPA">
        <s0>Reacción cadena polimerasa</s0>
        <s5>48</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="09" i2="X" l="FRE">
        <s0>Trichothécène</s0>
        <s5>53</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="09" i2="X" l="ENG">
        <s0>Trichothecene</s0>
        <s5>53</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="09" i2="X" l="SPA">
        <s0>Tricoteceno</s0>
        <s5>53</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="10" i2="X" l="FRE">
        <s0>Zéaralénone</s0>
        <s2>NK</s2>
        <s5>63</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="10" i2="X" l="ENG">
        <s0>Zearalenone</s0>
        <s2>NK</s2>
        <s5>63</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC03 i1="10" i2="X" l="SPA">
        <s0>Zearalenona</s0>
        <s2>NK</s2>
        <s5>63</s5>
      </fC03>
      <fC07 i1="01" i2="X" l="FRE">
        <s0>Fungi Imperfecti</s0>
        <s2>NS</s2>
      </fC07>
      <fC07 i1="01" i2="X" l="ENG">
        <s0>Fungi Imperfecti</s0>
        <s2>NS</s2>
      </fC07>
      <fC07 i1="01" i2="X" l="SPA">
        <s0>Fungi Imperfecti</s0>
        <s2>NS</s2>
      </fC07>
      <fC07 i1="02" i2="X" l="FRE">
        <s0>Fungi</s0>
        <s2>NS</s2>
      </fC07>
      <fC07 i1="02" i2="X" l="ENG">
        <s0>Fungi</s0>
        <s2>NS</s2>
      </fC07>
      <fC07 i1="02" i2="X" l="SPA">
        <s0>Fungi</s0>
        <s2>NS</s2>
      </fC07>
      <fC07 i1="03" i2="X" l="FRE">
        <s0>Toxine</s0>
        <s5>08</s5>
      </fC07>
      <fC07 i1="03" i2="X" l="ENG">
        <s0>Toxin</s0>
        <s5>08</s5>
      </fC07>
      <fC07 i1="03" i2="X" l="SPA">
        <s0>Toxina</s0>
        <s5>08</s5>
      </fC07>
      <fC07 i1="04" i2="X" l="FRE">
        <s0>Céréale</s0>
      </fC07>
      <fC07 i1="04" i2="X" l="ENG">
        <s0>Cereal</s0>
      </fC07>
      <fC07 i1="04" i2="X" l="SPA">
        <s0>Cereal</s0>
      </fC07>
      <fN21>
        <s1>193</s1>
      </fN21>
      <fN44 i1="01">
        <s1>OTO</s1>
      </fN44>
      <fN82>
        <s1>OTO</s1>
      </fN82>
    </pA>
  </inist>
  <server>
    <NO>: PASCAL 10-0308293 INIST</NO>
    <ET>Fusarium head blight and associated mycotoxin occurrence on winter wheat in Luxembourg in 2007/2008</ET>
    <AU>GIRAUD (Frédéric); PASQUALI (Matias); EL JARROUDI (Moussa); VRANCKEN (Carine); BROCHOT (Céline); COCCO (Emmanuelle); HOFFMANN (Lucien); DELFOSSE (Philippe); BOHN (Torsten)</AU>
    <AF>Department of the Environment and Agro-Biotechnologies, CRP-Gabriel Lippmann, 41, rue du Brill/4422 Belvaux/Luxembourg (1 aut., 2 aut., 4 aut., 5 aut., 6 aut., 7 aut., 8 aut., 9 aut.); Départment de Sciences et Gestion de l'Environnement, Université de Liège/6700 Arlon/Belgique (3 aut.)</AF>
    <DT>Publication en série; Niveau analytique</DT>
    <SO>Food additives &amp; contaminants : part A chemistry, analysis, control, exposure &amp; risk assessment; Royaume-Uni; Da. 2010;  Vol. 27; No. 6; Pp. 825-835; Bibl. 1 p.3/4</SO>
    <LA>Anglais</LA>
    <EA>Fusarium head blight (FHB) is among the major causes of reduced quality in winter wheat and its products. In addition, the causal fungi produce a variety of toxins. A relatively high FHB infection rate in winter wheat was observed in 2007 and 2008 in Luxembourg. A fusariotoxin survey was carried out in 17 different geographical locations. Three groups of Fusarium mycotoxins (trichothecenes A and B and zearalenone) were analysed by a multi-detection HPLC-MS/MS method. Fusarium strains were also investigated by morphological and molecular methods. In addition, questionnaires relating to cultural practices were sent to the farmers managing the 17 fields investigated. FHB prevalence ranged from 0.3 to 65.8% (mean: 8.5%) in 2007 and from 0 to 24.5% (mean: 8.3%) in 2008. Results of morphological and molecular identification showed that the most common species isolated from diseased wheat spikes was F. graminearum (33.1%), followed by F. avenaceum (20.3%) and F. poae (17.8%). The chemical analysis revealed that 75% of the investigated fields were contaminated by deoxynivalenol (DON, range 0-8111μg/kg). The preceding crop was highly and significantly correlated to the number of grains infected and had a significant impact on disease prevalence (p=0.025 and 0.017, respectively, Fisher's F-test). A trend was found for maize as the preceding crop (p=0.084, Tukey's test) to predict the amount of DON in the fields. This is the first report on the occurrence of DON and ZON in naturally infected wheat grains sampled from Luxembourg.</EA>
    <CC>002A35E; 002A35B03</CC>
    <FD>Fusarium; Tête; Mycotoxine; Surveillance; Blé; Chromatographie phase liquide; Biologie moléculaire; Réaction chaîne polymérase; Trichothécène; Zéaralénone</FD>
    <FG>Fungi Imperfecti; Fungi; Toxine; Céréale</FG>
    <ED>Fusarium; Head; Mycotoxin; Surveillance; Wheat; Liquid chromatography; Molecular biology; Polymerase chain reaction; Trichothecene; Zearalenone</ED>
    <EG>Fungi Imperfecti; Fungi; Toxin; Cereal</EG>
    <SD>Fusarium; Cabeza; Micotoxina; Vigilancia; Trigo; Cromatografía fase líquida; Biología molecular; Reacción cadena polimerasa; Tricoteceno; Zearalenona</SD>
    <LO>INIST-20834A.354000170471020090</LO>
    <ID>10-0308293</ID>
  </server>
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